NEW DELHI: An average of 1,500 cybercrime instances are reported every day, but only about 30 are processed into FIRs. These numbers were part of the information supplied by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) in Lok Sabha on Monday.
On August 30, 2019, the MHA activated the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal to provide a centralised system for residents to report online all forms of cybercrime occurrences, with a particular emphasis on crimes against women and children.
Between January 1, 2020 and December 7, 2022, more than 16 lakh cybercrime events were recorded and more than 32,000 FIRs were filed, according to official data.
In a written response to the Lok Sabha, Minister of State for the Interior Ajay Kumar Mishra divulged this information. This means that only 2% of complaints received through the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal (www.cybercrime.gov.in) have not been converted into FIRs.
Mishra stated that incidents recorded on this platform, their conversion into FIRs, and subsequent action are handled by state and union territory law enforcement agencies in accordance with the law.
Despite these efforts, the national conviction rate for cybercrime cases remains terrible at less than 1%. According to the figures given in the Lok Sabha, 52,974 incidences of cybercrime were reported across the country in 2021. In only 35% or 18,744 cases a chargesheet was filed, while the number of convicted cases was less than 1% at 491 cases.
The situation of those arrested for cybercrimes remains the same. In 2021, there were 27,374 arrests. Over 93% of these 25,512 people were charge-sheeted. However, according to data provided by the minister, less than 3%, or 736 individuals, of those arrested were convicted.
Cyber police stations across the country reported a total of 94,770 instances in 2019 and 2020. Only 23,363 of the total number of cases registered had chargesheets filed. The number of successful prosecutions – 126 should come as no surprise.
In response to a question about cybercrime police stations, the government stated that, according to the Bureau of Police Research and Development’s (BPR&D) data on police organisations, there were 202 such stations nationwide. The state of Tamil Nadu has 46 cyber police stations, followed by Maharashtra with 43 cyber police stations.
Almost eleven states and union territories do not have a single cyber police station, according to statistics supplied by the ministry. This covers Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Sikkim, Tripura, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, Delhi, Ladakh and Lakshadweep.
There is only one cyber police station in states and union territories such as Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Uttarakhand, and Puducherry.
Mishra further stated that the ‘Citizen Financial Cyber Fraud Reporting and Management System’ has been developed to facilitate the rapid reporting of financial frauds and to prevent the fraudulent diversion of cash.
So far, he stated, more than Rs 180 crore worth of fraudulent bank transactions have been prevented. He stated that a toll-free Helpline number (1930) has been activated for assistance with filing cyber complaints online.
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